5 Common Dental Procedures Explained

dental treatment on dental hospital

A visit to the dentist can be a nervewracking experience, or it can spark your interest in how these dedicated medical professionals keep their patient’s mouths and teeth free of disease. If you’ve ever wondered exactly what some of the procedures you’re undergoing going actually entail, here is out breaking of five of the most common dental procedures.

Crowns or Caps

Crowns and caps fit over badly damaged, decayed, or misshapen teeth. During the crown or cap fitting, the tooth is first frozen with anesthesia and then filed down so the cap can fit over it.

 

Dental resin is used to make an impression of the tooth and the cap in then created from that mold using acrylic, metal, porcelain, or porcelain bonded to metal. Porcelain crowns are generally used at the from of the mouth, as they look the most like real teeth, while metal crowns are normally used at the back of the mouth.

Veneers

Where a cap or crown is normally used to protect a damaged tooth, veneers, which are created from strong, thin pieces of porcelain that are bonded to the teeth, are often used for cosmetic reasons, such as making teeth look straighter or whiter.

Fillings

Fillings are used to close up holes, or cavities, in the enamel of your teeth. These cavities are often used by decay or trauma and can lead to a bacterial infection of the inside of the tooth if not treated.

 

To perform a filling, the dentist drills out the cavity to remove any infection and fills it with a composite filling known as dental amalgam. Depending on the patient’s specific oral health needs, the filling material may be made of metal.

Root Canals

If a bacterial infection has made its way into the center of the tooth, a root canal procedure may be needed to prevent the tooth from needing to be extracted. 

 

During a root canal, the dentist will open the tooth and clean out the infected tissue in the center. This space is then filled and the opening sealed. Keeping your tooth helps to prevent your other teeth from drifting out of line and causing jaw problems.

Extractions

Severely damaged or diseased teeth may need to permanently extracted. Extractions may also be used during orthodontal work to reshape the mouth.

 

Extracting a tooth can often simply be done under local anesthetic with specialized pliers, but if the tooth it sufficiently fragile, the gum and jaw bone may need to be debrided in a surgical extraction, which is usually done under general anesthetic.

Join One Of The Best Dental Assistant Training Schools In Las Vegas 

Here at Northwest Career College we firmly believe that learning is a process that continues on the job. Our Dental Assistant Training Course gives you all the key skills and experience you’ll need to find the best dental assisting employment opportunity in Las Vegas. Our Dental Assistant School offers morning, afternoon and night classes to accommodate your busy work and family schedule and our established, seasoned instructors have helped our students achieve a 91% national exam pass rate. Call us at (702) 403-1592 to speak to one of our admissions assistants about your new dental assisting career.

 

Written by:
Cynthia Lofquist, R.D.A.
Dental Assisting Program Chair
Concorde Career Institute