The Different Types of Memory
- Financial Aid
- July 13, 2023
- 856 views
- 3 min read
For most of us, the concept of memory is a single idea. You remember things and there doesn’t seem to be much difference in the way you remember them or the way you recall them. However, the human brain actually stores and makes use of six different types of memory and, in this article, we’ll be looking at the differences between them.
Table of Contents
Implicit and Explicit Memory
Implicit memory is information that unconsciously enters the memory and can be recalled later, even if the event and the memory of the event remain unremembered. This most commonly occurs when places are visited in childhood and adults then remember their layout without consciously remembering that they had visited the site beforehand.
Explicit memory is formed when a person makes a conscious effort to store and recall data. Good examples of this are strings of numbers that have no personal connection to the person, such as social security numbers and telephone numbers.
Declarative and Procedural Memory
Declarative memory is a form of explicit memory and covers factual information such as dates, words, faces, events, and concepts. Because this kind of data normally has to be consciously intentionally remembered, it forms explicit memory.
Procedural Memory is often called muscle memory and is the recall of how to do things such as swimming or riding a bike. It is considered implicit memory because people don’t have to consciously remember how to perform the actions.
Semantic and Episodic Memory
Semantic memory is the recall of general information while episodic memory is the recall of personal information, normally based on personal experiences. Remembering the top-scoring quarterbacks in the NFL over a certain period of time is semantic memory. Remembering your best games as a high school quarterback is episodic memory.
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